From infancy through the teen years, children have particular nutritional needs to support their healthy growth. The culture of food they grow up in, and the food choices at home and at school, also influence whether or not they will be lifelong healthy eaters.
Unfortunately, there is probably no greater aspect of our daily lives that is more inundated by misinformation and fads than our food. In the midst of constantly changing, attention-grabbing “trends” and the “latest miracle foods”, there’s a danger that the sensible, balanced nutritional needs of children get put on the backburner.
The wake-up call for South African families can be found in our statistics, which reveal a double burden of disease with persistent stunting and wasting, as well as rising child obesity. The problem is, unfortunately, expected to be exacerbated by the ongoing economic impacts of Covid-19.
Obesity is a major health risk, predisposing South Africans to diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Dietary intake associated with under- or overweight impacts on both the physical growth and cognitive development of children who are then unable to realise their full potential in life.
Promote healthy growth
Through the celebration of milk’s inclusion in school nutrition programmes, is a reminder that other food and health concerns should never eclipse the need for meeting children’s needs for daily eating regimes that promote their healthy growth.
Maretha Vermaak, the registered dietitian at Rediscover Dairy says, “Over so many decades, scientific research has confirmed that dairy offers a unique food matrix of bio-available nutrients that supports healthy development in children. Milk, maas, yogurt and cheese offer specific diversity and versatility, so that it is easy to find dairy options for children and ensure that your family meets the recommendation of 2 to 3 portions of dairy a day.”
Scientifically sound nutritional information is essential for families and schools. This empowers them to make good food choices and prioritise the nutritional needs of children. Understanding that calcium-rich dairy plays a vital role in bone development, not only for small children but during the teen years when bone density development is accelerated, helps parents to make sure that the family gets enough of the key nutrients provided by dairy.
Dairy is not only a calcium-provider for healthy bones and teeth. It is an important source of affordable, high quality protein and is packed with vitamins such as A, B2, and B12, as well as potassium and zinc.
Dairy ideas for kids
No matter their income, many South African families fall short of the recommendations for two-to three servings of dairy a day. However, given the versatility of dairy, it is really easy to include it in meals, snacks and drinks.
*Add milk or maas to oats and other porridges
*Add dairy to every lunchbox – cheese wedges and cheese as sandwich filling; small yoghurts; cottage cheese and yoghurt-based dips for vegetables and crackers
*A simple toasted cheese sandwich is a firm favourite among children
*Add milk or buttermilk and cheeses to scrambled eggs and omelettes
*Melted cheese topping is always a winner
*Bake with milk, buttermilk and yoghurt. Top cakes and muffins with cream cheese icing to add more nutrients to your treat
*Replace sweetened cold drinks with milk or milkshakes made with fruits or flavoured milk
“Parents need to remember that when it comes to eating behaviour, they are the most powerful role models,” says Vermaak. “One of the easiest ways to ensure your kids consume enough dairy is to make sure it is available at home and for them to see you enjoying dairy too.”
Through its Consumer Education Project (CEP), Rediscover Dairy partners with National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) of the education department to highlight World School Milk Day. The NSNP includes dairy once a week in its school feeding programme to support South African children most vulnerable to stunting and wasting. The CEP makes fun information and teacher resources are available for Grades R to 7 here.
Parents who are home-schooling due to Covid-19 can download curriculum-aligned interactive posters, worksheets, fact sheets and teaching guides. Children learn all about the healthy eating, SA’s food-based dietary guidelines, the role of dairy in healthy eating and the farm-to-table processing of dairy.
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